Mathematics Education Trends and Research

Volume 2017, No. 1 (2017), Pages 32-40

Article ID metr-00093, 9 Pages

doi: 10.5899/2017/metr-00093


Research Article


The Effect of Realistic Mathematics Education Approach on Students' Achievement And Attitudes Towards Mathematics


Effandi Zakaria1 *, Muzakkir Syamaun1


1Department of Teaching and Learning Innovations Faculty of Education Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia


* Corresponding author. Email address: effandi@ukm.edu.my


Received: 26 July 2016; Accepted: 22 December 2016


Copyright © 2017 Effandi Zakaria and Muzakkir Syamaun. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the effect of Realistic Mathematics Education Approach on mathematics achievement and student attitudes towards mathematics. This study also sought determine the relationship between student achievement and attitudes towards mathematics. This study used a quasi-experimental design conducted on 61 high school students at SMA Unggul Sigli. Students were divided into two groups, the treatment group $(n = 30)$ namely, the Realistic Mathematics Approach group (PMR) and the control group $(n = 31)$ namely, the traditional group. This study was conducted for six weeks. The instruments used in this study were the achievement test and the attitudes towards mathematics questionnaires. Data were analyzed using SPSS. To determine the difference in mean achievement and attitudes between the two groups, data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA test. The result showed significant differences between the Realistic Mathematics Approach and the traditional approach in terms of achievement. The study showed no significant difference between the Realistic Mathematics Approach and the traditional approach in term of attitudes towards mathematics. It can be concluded that the use of realistic mathematics education approach enhanced students' mathematics achievement, but not attitudes towards mathematics. The Realistic Mathematics Education Approach encourage students to participate actively in the teaching and learning of mathematics. Thus, Realistic Mathematics Education Approach is an appropriate methods to improve the quality of teaching and learning process.


Keywords: Realistic Mathematics Education; Attitudes Toward Mathematics; Achievement.


References

  1. S. Hadi, T. Plomp, Suryanto, Introducing Realistic mathematics Education To Junior High School Mathematics Teachers in Indonesia, [15 December 2008], (2008).


  2. I. V. S. Mullis, M. O. Martin, P. Foy, A. Arora, TIMMS 2011 International Results in Mathematics, Chestnut Hill, MA : TIMMS & PIRLS International Study Study Center, Boston College, (2011).


  3. Soedjadi, Pembelajaran Matematika berjiwa RME (Suatu Pemikiran Rintisan Ke Arah Upaya Baru), Presented at the National Seminar of Realistic Mathematic Education (RME) di UNESA Surabaya, (2001).


  4. J. M. Furner, D. D. Kumar, The mathematics and science integration argument: a stand for teacher education, Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education, 3 (3) (2007) 185-189.


  5. Soedjadi, Teaching mathematics has to focus on thinking process, Indonesia,Kompas April 17th 2000, (2000).


  6. Y. Azizi, Y. Noordin, Z. Zurhanmi, Psikologi Kognitif, Penerbit Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, (2005).


  7. D. H. Allsopp, M. M. Kyger, L. A. Lovin, Teaching Mathematics Meaningfully: solution for reaching struggling learners, Paul. H. Brookes Publishing. London, (2007).


  8. A. Fauzan, D. Slettenhaar, T. Plomp, Traditional Mathematics Education vs. Realistic Mathematics Education, In P.Valero & O.Skovsmose. (Eds). Proceedings of the 3rd International Mathematics Education and Society Conference, Copenhagen: Centre for Research in Learning Mathematics, (2002) pp1-4.


  9. S. Hadi, Memperkenalkan RME Kepada Guru SLTP di Yogyakarta. National Seminar of Realistic Mathematic Education (RME), UNESA.Surabaya, (2001).


  10. I. Yuwono, RME (Realisties Mathematics Education) dan Hasil Studi awal Implementasinya di SLTP, Presented at the National Seminar of Realistic Mathematic Education (RME), UNESA Surabaya, (2001).


  11. A. M. Smart, Introducing Angles in Grade Four:A Realistic Approach Based on the van Hiele Model, Canadian Journal for New Scholars in Education, 2 (1) (2009) 1-20.


  12. R. K. Sembiring, S. Hadi, M. Dolk, Reforming Mathematics Learning in Indonesian Classrooms, ZDM Mathematics Education, 40 (2008) 927-939.


  13. D. Armanto, Teaching multiplication and division realistically in Indonesian primary schools: A prototype of local instruction theory, Doctoral dissertation. The Netherlands, Enschede: University of Twente, (2002).


  14. B. Hayley, Realistic mathematics education: Eliciting alternative mathematical conceptions of learners, African Journal of Research in Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 8 (l) (2004) 53-64.


  15. S. Hadi, PMR. Menjadikan Pelajaran Matematik Lebih Bermakna Bagi Pelajar. Makalah disampaikan pada National seminar of Mathematics Education, Universitas Sanata Dharma, Yogyakarta, (2003) 27-28.


  16. D. Setya, Pemahaman Konsep Volume Bola Dengan Model Pembelajaran Kontruktivisme dan Kontekstual Pada Siswa Kelas III SMP, Jurnal Pendidikan Inovatif, 1 (2) (2006) 10-13.


  17. A. L. Tuan, Applying Realistic Mathematics Education in Vietnam: Teaching Middle school geometry, Universitat Potsdam Institut fur Mathematik. Netherland, (2006).


  18. D. Üzel, S. M. Unyagör, Attitudes of 7th class students towards mathematic in Realistic Mathematics Education, International Mathematical Forum, 1 (39) (2006) 195-199.


  19. K. Gravemeijer, M. Doorman, Context Problem In Realistic Mathematics Education: a Calculus course as an Example, Educational Studies in Mathematics. Netherlands. Kluwer Academic Publishers, (1999) 111-129.


  20. T. Wubbles, F. Korthagen, H. Broekman, Preparing Teachers For Realistic Mathematics Education, Educational Studies in Mathematics. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Netherlands, 32 (1997) 1-28.


  21. Zulkardi, Developing a Learning Environment on Relistic Mathematics Education for Indonesia Student Teachers, Thesis. University of Twente. Netherland, (2002).


  22. C. C. Clawson, Conquering Math Phobia, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Canada, (1999).


  23. W. Wiersma, Research Methods In Education: An Introduction, Needham Heights,MA: A Pearson, (2000).


  24. Z. Effandi, Kesan Pembelajaran koperatif Ke Atas Pelajar-Pelajar Dalam Kelas Matematik Matrikulasi, Tesis PHD. UKM. Bangi, (2003).


  25. J. De Lange, Mathematics Insight and Meaning, Utrecht: OW and CO, (1987).


  26. . H. Sutarto, Effective teacher professional development for implementation of Realistic Mathematics Education in Indonesia, University of Twenty, Enshede, (2002).