Mathematics Education Trends and Research

Volume 2017, No. 1 (2017), Pages 32-40

Article ID metr-00093, 9 Pages

doi: 10.5899/2017/metr-00093

Research Article

The Effect of Realistic Mathematics Education Approach on Students' Achievement And Attitudes Towards Mathematics

Effandi Zakaria1 *, Muzakkir Syamaun1

1Department of Teaching and Learning Innovations Faculty of Education Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

* Corresponding author. Email address:

Received: 26 July 2016; Accepted: 22 December 2016

Copyright © 2017 Effandi Zakaria and Muzakkir Syamaun. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This study was conducted to determine the effect of Realistic Mathematics Education Approach on mathematics achievement and student attitudes towards mathematics. This study also sought determine the relationship between student achievement and attitudes towards mathematics. This study used a quasi-experimental design conducted on 61 high school students at SMA Unggul Sigli. Students were divided into two groups, the treatment group $(n = 30)$ namely, the Realistic Mathematics Approach group (PMR) and the control group $(n = 31)$ namely, the traditional group. This study was conducted for six weeks. The instruments used in this study were the achievement test and the attitudes towards mathematics questionnaires. Data were analyzed using SPSS. To determine the difference in mean achievement and attitudes between the two groups, data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA test. The result showed significant differences between the Realistic Mathematics Approach and the traditional approach in terms of achievement. The study showed no significant difference between the Realistic Mathematics Approach and the traditional approach in term of attitudes towards mathematics. It can be concluded that the use of realistic mathematics education approach enhanced students' mathematics achievement, but not attitudes towards mathematics. The Realistic Mathematics Education Approach encourage students to participate actively in the teaching and learning of mathematics. Thus, Realistic Mathematics Education Approach is an appropriate methods to improve the quality of teaching and learning process.

Keywords: Realistic Mathematics Education; Attitudes Toward Mathematics; Achievement.


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