Mathematics Education Trends and Research

Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID metr-00023, 7 Pages

doi: 10.5899/2013/metr-00023

Research Article

The Study of Effect of the Main Factors on Problem Solving Self-Confidence Using Cooperative Learning

Shiva Mafakheri1 *, Mohsen Rostamy-Malkhalifeh1, Ahmad Shahvarani1, Mohammad-Hassan Behzadi1

1Department of Mathematics, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

* Corresponding author. Email address:

Received: 18 August 2013; Revised: 07 September 2013; Accepted: 08 September 2013

Copyright © 2013 Shiva Mafakheri, Mohsen Rostamy-Malkhalifeh, Ahmad Shahvarani and Mohammad-Hassan Behzadi. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Low self-confidence in problem solving is one of the main issues in terms of mathematics education among high school students and this issue led to decreasing learning mathematics. Mathematics educators always faced to learners that not being proactive for solving the problems and avoid it hence the main aim of this paper is exploring the main influence factors on self-confidence problem solving. Twenty questions of questionnaire were designed based on different literature and principle component and confirmatory factor analysis were used for analysis data. The results of the study indicated the main influenced factors are; ability, motivation, perseverance, sense of helplessness and inhibitor. Finally recommendations and some policies presented to increasing the self-confidence in educational system.

Keywords: Mathematics education; problem solving; self-confidence; cooperative learning; factors.


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