Mathematics Education Trends and Research

Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID metr-00007, 11 Pages

doi: 10.5899/2013/metr-00007

Research Article

The Examining Mathematical Word Problems Solving Ability under Efficient Representation Aspect

Maryam Sajadi1 *, Parvaneh Amiripour2, Mohsen Rostamy-Malkhalifeh3

1Department of Mathematics, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord, Iran

2Department of Mathematics, Shahr-e Rey Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

3Department of Mathematics, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

* Corresponding author. Email address:

Received: 31 December 2012; Accepted: 31 January 2013

Copyright © 2013 Maryam Sajadi, Parvaneh Amiripour and Mohsen Rostamy-Malkhalifeh. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Word problem solving is complex process for students. Efficient instruction of word problem solving needed to efficient strategies. One of these strategies is using representation. Some students apply key words or numbers only but when they face complex word problems then they cannot apply the keywords. Therefore teachers have to teach efficient strategy such as representation. In this research is tried whether using efficient representation can lead to efficient solution. Through cluster sampling method, forty one students are selected at girly elementary school. Through math exam, their solutions are studied. Through Spearman test, results indicate that there is significant relation between efficient representation and efficient word problem solving ability. At second grade, students have used of representation, have gotten to high means and inverse, students have not used of representation, have not gotten to high means. Therefore there is significant and direct relation between efficient representation and efficient word problem solving ability.

Keywords: Word problems; mathematics; representation; ability; efficiency.


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